CBT, EMDR & Couple Therapy Clinic
CBT, EMDR & Couple Therapy Clinic

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, also known as CBT, is an active therapy that looks at the way our thoughts and feelings affect the way we behave. Within CBT, our early experiences are seen to shape the way we see the world, ourselves and others, causing us to develop particular ideas and beliefs. These can be helpful or unhelpful. Sometimes we can experience events that make us focus more on the unhelpful ideas and beliefs. When this happens, our thoughts, feelings and behaviours can be affected, keeping the difficulties going without us realising.

CBT can help you to weigh up the way you are viewing the world and your experiences, and consider what you, and others, can do differently to help you feel better and improve your lives. CBT can help to break problems down into smaller parts, and manage them more effectively.  


What issues can we help with?

There is good evidence for the effectiveness of CBT for the following difficulties:


•            anger management

•            anxiety and panic attacks

•            depression

•            mood swings

•            obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

•            phobias

•            post-traumatic stress disorder

•            eating problems

•            general health problems

•            sexual and relationship problems

•            sleep problems

•            Low-self-esteem                                          

•            drug or alcohol problems


What will happen during your assessment?

You will have an initial meeting to understand what the

difficulties are, and consider with your therapist what would be the most appropriate treatment. We will look at how your difficulties developed, and what keeps them going. Although CBT tends to focus on the here and now, you will be asked questions about your background and earlier experiences, as you may need to figure out how they affect you now. In addition, your therapist will be interested to know what has been helpful to date.

Together with your therapist, you will develop a shared understanding of your difficulties, agree some goals for the work, and develop an agreed plan. You will be asked to complete some questionnaires during the assessment that will help you and your therapist to monitor the progress of your work together over time.


What happens in a typical session?

In a typical session, you and your therapist will use different ways to think together about your difficulties. This might include talking, drawing, writing things down, or acting things out. Each session will usually follow a similar structure. This is likely to include:

  • Agreeing an agenda for the session.
  • Reviewing what you covered in the previous session, and whether you managed to practise in-between or complete homework tasks.
  • Exploring alternative ways of thinking or doing so that it improves how you are feeling.
  • Consider how you might put these new ideas into practice and begin to test them out.
  • At the end of the session you will go over what you have covered, and will have an opportunity to plan how you are going to test out the ideas.
  • You will be encouraged to think about whether there is some one else in your family or other support network that could help you, if appropriate.
  • Towards the end of your treatment, you will be supported to manage future challenges as they arise, and to reduce the likelihood of your difficulties coming back. 


How often does the therapy take place?

Individual CBT usually takes place on a weekly or fortnightly basis, with each session lasting between 45 to 60 minutes.  


CBT is usually offered in blocks of treatment, which can be either short or longer term, ranging from around 6 to 20 sessions. In the first few sessions, your therapist will check that you can use this approach, and that you are comfortable with the way of working. As you come to the end of treatment it is likely that your sessions will be more spread out to give you a chance to put some of the things you have learnt into practice, and to help build your confidence in managing without ongoing therapy.


How else does it differ from other therapies?

CBT is an active therapy, which means that it involves you ‘doing’ things. You will practise doing things in the therapy, and then practise them in your own time and environment. CBT is a collaborative therapy, which involves you and your therapist deciding together about what you will do, and at what speed. This helps you to stay in control of the therapy. 




Main Clinic  

131-133 Roman Road, Mountnessing



CM15 0UD


Liverpool Street

Longcroft House

Victoria Avenue

London EC2M 4NS 


Email: info@mindandmood.co.uk



+44(0)1277 424 911


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We also offer CBT Psychotherapy in Turkish and Danish

Türkçe bilgi için tıklayınız
Tryk her for at læse mere om Kognitiv adfærdsterapi (CBT)


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